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VIII.a H2 Production for Transport Costs

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Showing just the changes made in the edit by Joseph Downie at 2011-11-30 13:32:18 UTC

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2011-11-30

2011-11-29

2011-08-24

2011-04-27

Title: VIII.a H2 Production for Transport Costs

Content: h1 Sources & Method

Markal2006 has H2 in some detail[http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/support/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=954] and there are some supporting papers[http://www.psi.org.uk/ukshec/pdf/25_technologycharacterisation.pdf][http://www.psi.org.uk/ukshec/pdf/29_hydrogen_modelling.pdf] on the underlying assumptions.

Markal vectors (FIXOM/INVCOST/VAROM; VAROM is in M£/PJ, INVCOST and FIXOM is M£/PJ/annum, using year 2000 GBP):

* current large SMR - SG08 - 0 / 4.1 / 1.4 (30 year life)
* current large SMR with CO2 capture - SG09 - 0 / 7.6 / 1.4 (30 year life)
* future large SMR - SG10 - 0 / 5.8 / 0.7 (30 year life) NB. This is higher than current SMR, and appears to be a data error, which is currently being addressed in UK MARKAL through the UKSHEC project
* future large SMR with CO2 capture - SG11 - 0 / 6.2 / 0.705 (30 year life)
* liquefaction of hydrogen to LH2 - SH01 - 0 / 18.38 / 0.78
* hydrogen pipeline network - SH03 - 0 / 11.97 / 0 (Based on 200km pipeline)
* current small SMR - SH04 - 0 / 46.07 / 1.37 (20 year life)
* future small SMR - SH05 - 0 / 32.03 / 0.705 (25 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? small, current - SH07 - 0 / 70.98 / 0 (15 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? small, 2020 - SH08 - 0 / 15.87 / 0 (20 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? large, current - SH09 - 0 / 42.08 / 0 (15 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? large, 2020 SH10 - 0 / 4.893 / 0 (25 year life)

2050 Pathways has: SMR - Central, SMR - Distributed, Electrolysis. Map the SMR - Central to large SMR and the SMR distributed to small SMR. Map electrolysis to all sizes of electrolysis in Markal. Ignore the with CCS options. Standardise everything on a 25 year life, and use that to mean that one fifth of opening capital needs replacing in a five year block. Assume that end result is always liquid H2 [This is a very odd assumption - almost all major car manufacturers are producing prototypes with compressed gaseous hydrogen, typically at either 350 or 700 bar]. Assume that the large scale requires pipeline costs and that the electrolysis requires pipeline costs half of the time.

h1 Questions to stakeholders

* Can electrolysis really have no operating costs?
* Do the piping costs seem sensible?

Category: Sector by sector cost assumptions



User: Joseph Downie

Picture updated at: 

Signed off by: 

Signed off at:
Title: VIII.a H2 Production for Transport Costs

Content: h1 Sources & Method

Markal2006 has H2 in some detail[http://www.ukerc.ac.uk/support/tiki-download_file.php?fileId=954] and there are some supporting papers[http://www.psi.org.uk/ukshec/pdf/25_technologycharacterisation.pdf][http://www.psi.org.uk/ukshec/pdf/29_hydrogen_modelling.pdf] on the underlying assumptions.

Markal vectors (FIXOM/INVCOST/VAROM; VAROM is in M£/PJ, INVCOST and FIXOM is M£/PJ/annum, using year 2000 GBP):

* current large SMR - SG08 - 0 / 4.1 / 1.4 (30 year life)
* current large SMR with CO2 capture - SG09 - 0 / 7.6 / 1.4 (30 year life)
* future large SMR - SG10 - 0 / 5.8 / 0.7 (30 year life) NB. This is higher than current SMR, and appears to be a data error, which is currently being addressed in UK MARKAL through the UKSHEC project
* future large SMR with CO2 capture - SG11 - 0 / 6.2 / 0.705 (30 year life)
* liquefaction of hydrogen to LH2 - SH01 - 0 / 18.38 / 0.78
* hydrogen pipeline network - SH03 - 0 / 11.97 / 0 (Based on 200km pipeline)
* current small SMR - SH04 - 0 / 46.07 / 1.37 (20 year life)
* future small SMR - SH05 - 0 / 32.03 / 0.705 (25 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? small, current - SH07 - 0 / 70.98 / 0 (15 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? small, 2020 - SH08 - 0 / 15.87 / 0 (20 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? large, current - SH09 - 0 / 42.08 / 0 (15 year life)
* hydrogen from electrolysis ? large, 2020 SH10 - 0 / 4.893 / 0 (25 year life)

2050 Pathways has: SMR - Central, SMR - Distributed, Electrolysis. Map the SMR - Central to large SMR and the SMR distributed to small SMR. Map electrolysis to all sizes of electrolysis in Markal. Ignore the with CCS options. Standardise everything on a 25 year life, and use that to mean that one fifth of opening capital needs replacing in a five year block. Assume that end result is always liquid H2 [This is a very odd assumption - almost all major car manufacturers are producing prototypes with compressed gaseous hydrogen, typically at either 350 or 700 bar]. Assume that the large scale requires pipeline costs and that the electrolysis requires pipeline costs half of the time.

h1 Questions to stakeholders

* Can electrolysis really have no operating costs?
* Do the piping costs seem sensible?

h1 General Comments

Please use this space to make any general comments. Please add your name when commenting.

Category: Sector by sector cost assumptions



User: Joseph Downie

Picture updated at: 

Signed off by: 

Signed off at: