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V.a Biomatter to fuel conversion costs

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Showing just the changes made in the edit by Tom Counsell at 2011-04-27 17:25:01 UTC

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2012-02-14

2011-11-16

2011-04-27


Title: 2050 Biomatter to fuel conversion costs

Content: h1 Dry to Liquid & second generation crops to liquid

Insert 2050 COST RANGE: BIOCROPS TO LIQUID FUEL

Plant size: BA/Solena 16 million gallons of jetfuel/year[http://www.solenagroup.com/node/29] Ineos Bio waste to ethanol plant is 30 million litres/yr[http://www.ineosbio.com/76-press_releasees-11.htm].

* SB04 - gasification and Fischer?Tropsch production of 2nd gen biodiesel - 20.33 / 0 / 3.898 (80% efficient, 30 year life)
* SB07 - pyrolysis of wood - 32.44 / 0 / 3.008 (90% efficient, 30 year life) + SB14 X ? Pyrolysis oil upgrade to * biodiesel ????
* SB08 - woody fermentation to methanol - 23.7 / 3.506 / 2.5 (70% efficient, 30 year life)
* SB15 - gasification and Fischer?Tropsch production of bio?kerosene and FT biodiesel - 20.33 / 0 / 3.898 (75% efficient, 30 year life)

| Overall   | Low   | High  |
| Capital   | 20.33 | 32.44 |
| Operating | 3.008 | 3.898 |

Maybe: STBFTK - distribution of (FT) bio?kerosene for transport

Check: Ineos Bio cost £52m to build[http://www.ineosbio.com/76-press_releasees-11.htm] BA/Solena cost £200m? Looks like Markal costs are half that.

Taking some of the typical plant sizes from[http://www.google.co.uk/url?q=http://www.nnfcc.co.uk/publications/nnfcc-guide-uk-operational-biomass-processing-facilities-june-2010/at_download/file&sa=U&ei=1SaKTaKlINSbhQfTrtmkDg&ved=0CCEQFjAF&sig2=YOtcM0ALwcElvZ44lh13Jg&usg=AFQjCNFrzla4ijzchdZBSyt5gKpR7ZHxzg]

Investment cost: £M/PJ  /  Fixed operating cost £M/PJ/Y / Variable operating cost £M/PJ

ASSUME ALL MARKAL VALUES ARE x ENERGY OF INPUT NOT ENERGY OF OUTPUT (Must check)

h1 1st gen biocrops to Liquid

SB03 - hydrogenation and production of 1st generation biodiesel - 17.2 / 0.025 / 3.898 (60% efficient, 30 year life)

No range, so use 50% 150% of this value.

Size to be teh same as teh BA/Solena plant below (no reason).

h1 Dry to Gas

Plant size: GoBiGas[http://www.goteborgenergy.se] plant 1 is 20MWgas, plant 2 will be 80MWgas (800 GWh).

Markal:

* SCO1 - Coal gasification - 11.44 / 0.705 / 0 (60% efficient, 30 year life)
* SB05 - biomass gasification - 22.8 / 0 / 0 (55% efficient, 30 year life)
* SB06 - X?gasification and synthesis to bio?methane - 28.425 / 0 / 0 (55% efficient, 30 year life)
* SB07 - pyrolysis of wood - 32.422 / 0 / 3.008 (90% efficient, 30 year life)

Wierd that no operating cost for biomass gassification. Use coal gasification as bottom end of range, pyrolysis at top.

| Overall   | Low   | High   |
| Capital   | 11.44 | 32.422 |
| Operating | 0.705 | 3.008  |

Check: 20MWth plant at GoBiGas claimed to cost euro 100m. Looks like Markal is half or less of that cost.

h1 Dry to solid

For typical size, take the Drax woodpellet plant throughput of 100000 t/yr[http://www.draxpower.com/media/press_releases/?id=124150].

Markal (figures in £/GJ):

* SB16 - Wood pelletization for residential, service sector - 0 / 0 / 2
* SB17 - biomass LC pelletization for residential, service sector - 0 / 0 / 2
* SB23 - distribution of high quality bio pellets
* SB24 - distribution of low quality bio pellets

So, no capital split out from Markal. Will need to make an estimate later. For now use 50% and 150% * £2/GJ for range.

h1 Wet  to gas

Can't find these things in Markal. Are they actually lumped into the manure costs?

In the CCC-BIOM Markal scenario, have an SBO5  INVCOST of AD of £12.56M/PJ. Onto this must be added the upgrading costs  SB23 - conventional AD biogas upgrading to biomethane INVCOST 18.01 FIXOM 3.72

The CCC agricultural MACC study[http://downloads.theccc.org.uk.s3.amazonaws.com/0610/pr_supporting_research_SAC_agriculture.pdf] has a range of costs for farm AD. Capital costs are £3-£7m/MW output. Operating costs are £0.1 to 0.6m/MW output. 1 MW output is the largest example given. So could use that?

h1 Wet to liquid

Not featured in Markal? Assume this is AD biogas, followed by methane to a syngas followed by syngas to liquid using FT.

No idea. So assume twice as expensive as gasification and Fischer?Tropsch production of 2nd gen biodiesel - 20.33 / 0 / 3.898 (80% efficient, 30 year life).

h1 Gas to Gas

Need to have upgrading costs, similar to the end of the wet to gas process.

CCC-BIOM Markal has 

* SB21 - Landfill gas upgrading to bio-methane. INVCOST 14.97 (presumably £M/PJ) FIXOM 4.07 (presumably £M/PJ)
* SB22 - sewage gas upgrading to biomethane - INVCOST 13.74 FIXOM 3.56

These are taken from "DBFZ, 2009, Biogas Resource Assessment for the United Kingdom Part B: Economic evaluation of bio-methane production costs, report to the National Grid." would probably be good to get hold of that report.

h1 Worries & Things to check against

* We take the near term efficiencies from 'Project 2050 estimates' need to track them down and check to see if they include costs
* CCC Agriculture study[http://downloads.theccc.org.uk.s3.amazonaws.com/0610/pr_supporting_research_SAC_agriculture.pdf]
* Are these costs for energy in or for energy out?!
* MottMac10 has some costs for AD, sewage gas and biomass in general to electricity.

Category: 2050 pathway costs



User: Tom Counsell

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