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MARKAL 3.26 cost source

Markal 3.26 (as prepared by AEA for DECC and documented in D2011/1094696. For costs not included in this update, entries from the MARKAL database were used)

  Technologies Fuels
Valid in year Capital cost Operating cost excluding fuel Size Output Efficiency Life Fuel cost Fuel limit
Cars Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel CV MARKAL 2010 £(2010)305837.770955082/car £(2010)20546.4285941871/car 12 years
Cars Fuel Cell Vehicle Fuel CV MARKAL 2050 £(2010)17505.4898663351/car £(2010)1477.34033649363/car 12 years
Cars Fuel Cell Vehicle Default - Car FCV 2050 £(2010)17505/car £(2010)1477/car
International Aviation MARKAL 2010 £(2010)91824744.3270127/unit £(2010)1975626.87804373/unit 10-25 years
International Aviation MARKAL 2050 £(2010)91824744.3270127/unit £(2010)1347055.7973267/unit 10-25 years
Cars ICE Default - ICE - Petrol/Diesel MARKAL 2010 £(2010)16310.619808051/car £(2010)1545.3921087193/car 12 years
Cars ICE ICE - Petrol/Diesel MARKAL 2050 £(2010)14247.2273546783/car £(2010)1535.24708113149/car 12 years
Cars ICE Default - Car ICE 2050 £(2010)14247/car £(2010)1535/car
Cars EV EV MARKAL 2010 £(2010)44898.9230560305/car £(2010)2091.5374494871/car 12 years
Cars EV EV MARKAL 2050 £(2010)22944.0480342711/car £(2010)1144.51816133043/car 12 years
Cars EV Range - EV - 2050 working assumption 2050 £(2010)14125-59440/car £(2010)200-2092/car 12 years
Cars EV Default - Car EV 2050 £(2010)22944/car £(2010)1145/car
Rail Freight Rail - Freight Diesel MARKAL 2010 £(2010)2545742.98259248/unit £(2010)31263.5048181536/unit 20-25 years
Rail Freight Range - Rail - Freight Electric MARKAL 2050 £(2010)2233107.88622941-2233107.88622941/unit £(2010)22044.8593410009-22044.8593410009/unit 20-25 years
Rail Freight Rail - Freight Diesel MARKAL 2050 £(2010)2233107.88622941/unit £(2010)31263.5048181536/unit 20-25 years
Rail Freight Rail - Freight Electric MARKAL 2010 £(2010)2233107.88622941/unit £(2010)22044.8593410009/unit 20-25 years
Rail Freight Default - Rail Freight (Electric) 2050 £(2010)2233108/unit £(2010)22045/unit
Cars PHEV PHEV - Petrol/Diesel MARKAL 2050 £(2010)16685.4850481815/car £(2010)1450.71081131489/car 9-13 years
Cars PHEV Default - Car PHEV 2050 £(2010)16685/unit £(2010)1451/unit
Cars PHEV Default - PHEV - Petrol/Diesel MARKAL 2010 £(2010)31050.4052261424/car £(2010)2830.61086804476/car 9-13 years
Bus Hydrogen FCV Default - Bus - Hydrogen FCV MARKAL 2010 £(2010)1,052865.48133743/unit £(2010)93722.2594769972/unit 10-20 years
Bus Hydrogen FCV Bus - Hydrogen FCV MARKAL 2050 £(2010)187265.860230805/unit £(2010)20154.2840068387/unit 10-20 years
Bus Hydrogen FCV Bus FCV 2050 £(2010)187266/unit £(2010)20154/unit
Bus EV Default - Bus - EV MARKAL 2010 £(2010)441647.252218293/unit £(2010)37932.7361684022/unit 10-20 years
Bus EV Bus - EV MARKAL 2050 £(2010)205265.566120221/unit £(2010)19897.1833237488/unit 15 years
Bus EV Default - Bus EV 2050 £(2010)205266/unit £(2010)19897/unit
Bus Hybrid EV Bus - Hybrid EV MARKAL 2050 £(2010)179842.841276811/unit £(2010)24765.8104612216/unit 10-20 years
Bus Hybrid EV Default - Bus - Hybrid EV MARKAL 2010 £(2010)271993.463584085/unit £(2010)25064.2799790177/unit 10-20 years
Bus Hybrid EV Default - Bus HEV 2050 £(2010)179843/unit £(2010)24766/unit
Bus ICE Bus - ICE MARKAL 2050 £(2010)168376.884867112/unit £(2010)24765.8104612216/unit 10-20 years
Bus ICE Default - Bus - ICE MARKAL 2010 £(2010)235689.64894156/unit £(2010)24970.6549079111/unit 10-20 years
Bus ICE Default - Bus ICE 2050 £(2010)168377/unit £(2010)24766/unit
Passenger Rail Rail - Electric MARKAL 2010 £(2010)4494351.01880634/unit £(2010)35152.1883742617/unit 20-25 years
Passenger Rail Rail - Diesel MARKAL 2050 £(2010)4466216.35063724/unit £(2010)49128.3750388561/unit 20-25 years
Passenger Rail Rail - Electric MARKAL 2050 £(2010)4466215.74836805/unit £(2010)35152.1883742617/unit 20-25 years
Passenger Rail Rail - Diesel MARKAL 2010 £(2010)4745030.85172521/unit £(2010)49128.3750388561/unit 20-25 years
Passenger Rail Passenger Rail (Diesel) 2050 £(2010)87799/train £(2010)516892/train
Passenger Rail Passenger Rail (Electric) 2050 £(2010)235878/train £(2010)516892/train
UK National Aviation MARKAL 2050 £(2010)57337603.7457258/unit £(2010)792385.50409284/unit 30 years
UK National Aviation Default - MARKAL 2010 £(2010)57337603.7457258/unit £(2010)1504958.03543674/unit 30 years
Road Freight Road, Freight Electric 2050 £(2010)166462.581597762/unit £(2010)30519.1482747902/unit 7 years
Road Freight Road - Freight Diesel ICE 2010 £(2010)70790.2875349705/unit £(2010)200.758470624806/unit 7 years
Road Freight Road - Freight Diesel ICE 2050 £(2010)63362.601802922/unit £(2010)200.758470624806/unit 7 years
Road Freight Road - Freight Electric 2050 £(2010)63563.9337892446/unit £(2010)11824.6347528754/unit 7 years
Road Freight Default - Road Freight (Diesel) 2050 £(2010)63363/unit £(2010)15000/unit
Road Freight Default - Road Freight (Electric) 2050 £(2010)712747/unit £(2010)11825/unit
Oil Electricity Generation plants Oil IGCC 2040 2040 - 2050 £(2000) 560/kw £(2000) 40/kw
Oil Electricity Generation plants Default - Oil IGCC 2000 2010 £(2000) 920/kw £(2000) 40/kw
Biomass solid fuel imports Solid imported bio-crops 2010 £m(2000) 10.78/PJ
Biomass solid fuel imports Solid imported bio-crops 2050 £m(2000) 11.55/PJ
Biomass liquid fuel imports imported 2nd generation (FT) biodiesel from lignocellulosic 2050 £m(2000) 20.79/PJ
Biomass liquid fuel imports Default - Imported 2nd generation (FT) biodiesel from lignocellulosic 2010 £m(2000) 18.48/PJ
Solid Biomass Electricity Generation Default - Biomass 300MW 2010 £(2000)1773/kw £(2000) 67/kw
Conventional Coal Electricity Generation Default - New IGCC 2030 - with CCS retrofit capability 2030-2050 £(2000) 1350.444/kw £(2000) 40.943/kw
Conventional Coal Electricity Generation Default - New IGCC 2015 - with CCS retrofit capability 2010 £(2000) 1529.381/kw £(2000) 40.943/kw
Gas CCS Electricity Generation Default - New GTCC 2010 2010 £(2000) 858.6 / kw £(2000) 30.21 / kw
Gas CCS Electricity Generation Default - New GTCC 2030 2030- 2050 £(2000) 768.45 / kw £(2000) 30.21 / kw
Conventional Gas Electricity Generation Default - New GTCC 2030 2030-2050 £(2000) 357/KW £(2000) 20.67/kw
Conventional Gas Electricity Generation Default - New GTCC 2010 2010 £(2000) 561.4691/KW £(2000) 20.67/kw
Solid Biomass Electricity Generation 2050 Default - Biomass 300MW 2010 £(2000)1370/kw £(2000) 62/kw
Nuclear Power Default - Nuclear Power - PWR - Existing 2010 £(2000) 1913/ kw £(2000) 42.8/ kw
Nuclear Power Default - Nuclear Power - PWR - 2040 2040-50 £(2000) 2118.625/ kw £(2000) 48.893/ kw
Imported Uranium Default - Imported uranium step 3 2010 £(2000) 0.0873/PJ
Imported Uranium Default - Imported uranium step 3 2050 £(2000) 0.0873/PJ
Coal CCS Default - New IGCC with capt. 2010 2010 £(2000) 1909.988/ kw £(2000) 40.943/ kw
Coal CCS Default - New IGCC with capt. 2030 2010 £(2000) 1633/ kw £(2000) 40.943/ kw
Onshore Wind Default - Wind - on shore T1 (9 m/s) to T7 (6-5 m/s) 2010 £(2000) 1208 /kw £(2000) 10.65 /kw
Onshore Wind Default - Wind - on shore T1 (9 m/s) to T7 (6-5 m/s) 2050 £(2000) 1054 /kw £(2000) 10.65 /kw
Tidal Stream Tidal Stream Technology - T2 2050 £(2000) 615/ kw £(2000) 55/ kw
Tidal Stream Tidal Stream Technology - T2 2010 £(2000) 8,898/ kw £(2000) 376/ kw
Microwind Default - Wind - Micro generation 2010 £(2000) 1350 / kw £(2000) 27 / kw
Microwind Default - Wind - Micro generation 2050 £(2000) 950.0142 / kw £(2000) 27 / kw
Offshore Wind Default - Wind - off shore New T3 2010 £(2000) 2093 / kw £ (2000) 56.6 / kw
Offshore Wind Default - Wind - off shore New T3 2050 £(2000) 2201 / kw £ (2000) 56.6 / kw
Hydroelectricity Default - Hydro power - Large (>20 MW) 2050 £(2000) 800 / kw £(2000) 80 / kw
Hydroelectricity Default - Hydro power - Large (>20 MW) 2010 £(2000) 800 / kw £(2000) 80 / kw
Electricity Distribution Default - Electric Distribution 2050 £m(2000) 82 / GW £m(2000) 0.0793 / PJ
Electricity Distribution Default - Electric Distribution 2010 £m(2000) 82 / GW £m(2000) 0.0793 / PJ
Tidal Range Default - Tidal Range Technology €“ Severn - Bridgewater 2010 £(2000) 2643 / kw £(2000) 24.58 / kw
Tidal Range Default - Tidal Range Technology €“ Severn - Bridgewater 2050 £(2000) 2643 / kw £(2000) 24.58 / kw
Wave Wave energy technology T2 2050 £(2000) 669 / kw £(2000) 83 / kw
Wave Wave energy technology T2 2010 £(2000) 5077 / kw £(2000) 488 / kw
Solar Thermal Default - Solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation (residential) 2050 £(2000) 1524.9916 / kw
Solar Thermal Default - Solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation (residential) 2010 £(2000) 6325 / kw
Electricity Transmission Default - Electric Transmission 2010 £m(2000) 150 / GW £m(2000) 0.298 / PJ
Electricity Transmission Default - Electric Transmission 2050 £m(2000) 150 / GW £m(2000) 0.298 / PJ
Biomass 2nd generation biocrops Default - Energy crops step 2 - LC 2010 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass 2nd generation biocrops Default - Energy crops step 2 - LC 2050 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass manure collection Default - Animal slurry step 2 2050 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass manure collection Default - Animal slurry step 2 2010 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass straw collection Default - Straw step 2 2010 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass straw collection Default - Straw step 2 2050 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass 1st generation biocrops Default - Rape seed oil step 2 2010 £(2000)18.1718m/PJ
Biomass 1st generation biocrops Default - Rape seed oil step 2 2050 £(2000)18.1718m/PJ
Biomass forestry arisings collection Default - Forestry residues (wood chips) step 2 2010 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass forestry arisings collection Default - Forestry residues (wood chips) step 2 2050 £(2000)4.7751M/PJ
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Default - gasification and Fischer-Tropsch production of biokerosene and FT biodiesel 2010 £m(2000) 20.33/PJ £m(2000) 4.15/PJ
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Default - gasification and Fischer-Tropsch production of biokerosene and FT biodiesel 2050 £m(2000) 20.33/PJ £m(2000) 4.15/PJ
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas Default - biomass gasification 2010 £m(2000) 22.8/PJ
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas Default - biomass gasification 2050 £m(2000) 22.8/PJ
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Default - Wood pelletization for residential, service sector 2050 £m(2000) 2/PJ
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Default - Wood pelletization for residential, service sector 2010 £m(2000) 2/PJ
Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to liquid Default - gasification and Fischer-Tropsch production of biokerosene and FT biodiesel 2010 £m(2000) 20.33/PJ £m(2000) 4.15/PJ
Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to liquid Default - gasification and Fischer-Tropsch production of biokerosene and FT biodiesel 2050 £m(2000) 20.33/PJ £m(2000) 4.15/PJ
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 2050 defaults 2050 £m(2000)20.871/PJ £m(2000)3.453/PJ

Other sets of cost data

Air Conditioning Air Source Heat Pump Air Source Heat Pump with Storage (commercial) Air Source Heat Pump with Storage (domestic) Battery Storage Biogas Biomass 1st generation biocrops Biomass 2nd generation biocrops Biomass Boiler (commercial) Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Biomass conversion gas to gas Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to gas Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to liquid Biomass forestry arisings collection Biomass liquid fuel imports Biomass manure collection Biomass solid fuel imports Biomass straw collection Biomatter to fuel conversion Bus EV Bus Hybrid EV Bus Hydrogen FCV Bus ICE Carbon Storage Cars EV Cars Fuel Cell Vehicle Cars ICE Cars PHEV Cavity wall insulation CHP Coal CCS Coal-fired Boiler Coal Price Commercial cooking demand reduction Commercial Heat Demand Commercial lighting and appliances Compressed Air storage Conventional Coal Electricity Generation Conventional Gas Electricity Generation Cooking District Heating (domestic) District Heating Network Draughtproofing Electric heating Electricity Distribution Electricity Grid Distribution Costs Electricity Grid Transmission Costs Electricity Transmission Energy Saving Trust’s Advanced Practice Energy Efficiency standard for New Build Enteric fermentation abatement Exported Electricity Floor insulation Fossil Fuel Transfer Costs Gas Boiler Gas CCS Electricity Generation Gas (Natural or Biogas) CHP Gas Price Geosequestration Geothermal Electricity Geothermal Heat Ground Source Heat Pump (commercial) Ground Source Heat Pump Ground Source Heat Pump with Storage (commercial) Ground Source Heat Pump with Storage (domestic) Heat exchanger for District heating Hydroelectricity Hydro pumped storage Imported Electricity Imported Uranium Interconnection International Aviation International Shipping Loft Insulation Macro Algae Manure management Micro CHP Microwind Nuclear Power Offshore Wind Oil Electricity Generation plants Oil-fired boiler Oil fired Boiler Oil Price Onshore Wind Passenger Rail Passiv Haus Pumped storage - Hydro Rail Freight Range - Cars ICE Road Freight Soil management Soil management level 1 Solar PV Solar Thermal (commercial) Solar Thermal Solid Biomass Electricity Generation 2050 Solid Biomass Electricity Generation Solid Fuel Boiler (inc Biomass) Solid Fuel CHP Solid wall insulation Conventional Oil Electricity Generation Temporary Superglazing Test category Tidal Range Tidal Stream UK National Aviation UK National Shipping Uranium Enrichment & Disposal Waste collection and separation Waste landfill gas capture Waste landfill sites Waste sewage gas capture Wave

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