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E4tech (2012) BVCM cost source

The Biomass Value Chain Modelling (BVCM) project, led by E4tech

How do you find this source?

Final model results not yet publically available. Contact E4tech or the Energy Technologies Institute for the underlying publically-available references used in deriving these costs.

What is the general approach that this source takes to estimating costs?

Database of all bioenergy technologies, based on taking mid-point values from a wide data set of collected sources and partner references. Each technology is modelled with suitable feedstocks, inputs, outputs, scale, capex, opex, lifetime, availability, turndown, build rates, feedstock constraints.

This database, carried out in Work Package 3, is one of the main modelling inputs, alongside bioenergy yield maps and infrastructure costs, that goes into determining cost, CO2 and energy optimal approaches to deploying bioenergy across the UK (spatially and over time to 2050)

What are the limitations of this source?

Only 3 representative scales modelled for each technology, and for most of the biofuels conversion technologies, only one unique scale modelled, due to lack of reference data

  Technologies Fuels
Valid in year Capital cost Operating cost excluding fuel Size Output Efficiency Life Fuel cost Fuel limit
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Chipping Small 2010-2050 £(2010) 8042/MWpeak £(2010) 0.99/MWh 9.4 MW 14% 10 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Chipping Medium 2010-2050 £(2010) 6064/MWpeak £(2010) 0.41/MWh 22.5 MW 21% 10 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Chipping Large 2010-2050 £(2010) 2733/MWpeak £(2010) 0.41/MWh 150 MW 40% 10 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Pelletising Medium 2010-2050 £(2010) 28400/MWpeak £(2010) 2.05/MWh 18.75 MW 95% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Pelletising Small 2010-2050 £(2010) 99968/MWpeak £(2010) 8.14/MWh 3.75 MW 95% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Pelletising Large 2010-2050 £(2010) 18176/MWpeak £(2010) 1.04/MWh 56.25 MW 95% 20 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + Mixed alcohols in 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.99-2.75m/MW £(2010) 0.11-0.16m/MW 150 MW 96% 40% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid FT diesel in 2050 2050 £(2010) 1.56-2.35m/MW £(2010) 0.075-0.11m/MW 150 MW 85% 43% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid 2G butanol in 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.12-1.71m/MW £(2010) 0.22-0.43/MW 150 MW 96% 31% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + syngas fermentation in 2010 2010 £(2010) 4.2-5.4m/MW £(2010) 0.024-0.031m/MW 150 MW 85% 39% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + Methanol in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.71-1.47m/MW £(2010) 0.025-0.17m/MW 150 MW 91% 59% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + Mixed alcohols in 2010 2010 £(2010) 2.7-3.4m/MW £(2010) 0.15-0.19m/MW 150 MW 96% 38% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid 2G ethanol in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.76-1.10m/MW £(2010) 0.15-0.29m/MW 150 MW 96% 42% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid FT diesel in 2020 2020 £(2010) 2.50-3.27m/MW £(2010) 0.12-0.16m/MW 150 MW 85% 37% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + Mixed alcohols in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.95-1.70m/MW £(2010) 0.053-0.097m/MW 150 MW 96% 46% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid 2G ethanol in 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.10-1.58m/MW £(2010) 0.21-0.41m/MW 150 MW 96% 34% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid 2G ethanol in 2020 2020 £(2010) 0.95-1.37m/MW £(2010) 21-43/MWh 150 MW 96% 34% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + syngas fermentation in 2020 2020 £(2010) 3.2-4.4m/MW £(2010) 0.018-0.026m/MW 150 MW 85% 40% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + Methanol in 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.10-2.04m/MW £(2010) 0.04-0.24m/MW 150 MW 91% 57% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + syngas fermentation in 2050 2050 £(2010) 1.5-2.7m/MW £(2010) 0.009-0.016m/MW 150 MW 85% 43% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Gasif + Methanol in 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.4-2.4m/MW £(2010) 0.05-0.28m/MW 150 MW 91% 51% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid FT diesel in 2010 2010 £(2010) 3.00-3.78m/MW £(2010) 0.15-0.18m/MW 150 MW 85% 35% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid 2G butanol in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.67-0.96m/MW £(2010) 0.12-0.24/MW 150 MW 96% 42% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid 2G butanol in 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.5-2.2m/MW £(2010) 0.29-0.56m/MW 150 MW 96% 31% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas BioSNG large 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.38-0.68m/MW £(2010) 0.018-0.031m/MW 200MW 80% 70% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas BioSNG small 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.68-1.06m/MW £(2010) 0.031-0.052m/MW 60MW 80% 70% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas BioSNG large 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.30-2.32m/MW £(2010) 0.062-0.105m/MW 200MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas BioSNG large 2020 2020 £(2010) 0.67-1.21m/MW £(2010) 0.032-0.055m/MW 200MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas BioSNG small 2010 2010 £(2010) 2.32-3.64m/MW £(2010) 0.105-0.181m/MW 60MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas BioSNG small 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.21-1.90m/MW £(2010) 0.055-0.094m/MW 60MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + syngas fermentation in 2020 2020 £(2010) 3.1-4.4m/MW £(2010) 0.019-0.026m/MW 150 MW 85% 40% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid 2G butanol in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.67-0.96m/MW £(2010) 0.12-0.24/MW 150 MW 96% 42% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid 2G butanol in 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.51-2.20m/MW £(2010) 0.28-0.56m/MW 150 MW 96% 31% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid 2G ethanol in 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.10-1.60m/MW £(2010) 0.21-0.41m/MW 150 MW 96% 34% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid 2G ethanol in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.76-1.10m/MW £(2010) 0.15-0.29m/MW 150 MW 96% 42% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid 2G butanol in 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.12-1.71m/MW £(2010) 0.22-0.43m/MW 150 MW 96% 31% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + syngas fermentation in 2050 2050 £(2010) 1.5-2.7m/MW £(2010) 0.009-0.016m/MW 150 MW 85% 43% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid FT diesel in 2010 2010 £(2010) 3.00-3.78m/MW £(2010) 0.15-0.18m/MW 150 MW 85% 35% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid FT diesel in 2050 2050 £(2010) 1.6-2.4m/MW £(2010) 0.08-0.11m/MW 150 MW 85% 43% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid FT diesel in 2020 2020 £(2010) 2.48-3.27m/MW £(2010) 0.12-0.16m/MW 150 MW 85% 37% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + Mixed alcohols in 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.99-2.75m/MW £(2010) 0.11-0.16m/MW 150 MW 96% 38% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + Mixed alcohols in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.95-1.70m/MW £(2010) 0.053-0.097m/MW 150 MW 96% 46% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + Mixed alcohols in 2010 2010 £(2010) 2.7-3.4m/MW £(2010) 0.15-0.19m/MW 150 MW 96% 40% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + Methanol in 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.10-2.04m/MW £(2010) 0.04-0.24m/MW 150 MW 91% 57% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + Methanol in 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.71-1.47m/MW £(2010) 0.025-0.17m/MW 150 MW 91% 59% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid 2G ethanol in 2020 2020 £(2010) 0.95-1.37m/MW £(2010) 0.184-0.356m/MW 150 MW 96% 34% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + Methanol in 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.4-2.4m/MW £(2010) 0.05-0.28m/MW 150 MW 91% 51% 30 years
Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Gasif + syngas fermentation in 2010 2010 £(2010) 4.2-5.4m/MW £(2010) 0.025-0.031m/MW 150 MW 85% 39% 30 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas BioSNG small 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.68-1.06m/MW £(2010) 0.031-0.052m/MW 60MW 80% 70% 20 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas BioSNG large 2020 2020 £(2010) 0.67-1.21m/MW £(2010) 0.032-0.055m/MW 200MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas BioSNG small 2010 2010 £(2010) 2.32-3.64m/MW £(2010) 0.105-0.181m/MW 60MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas BioSNG small 2020 2020 £(2010) 1.21-1.90m/MW £(2010) 0.055-0.094m/MW 60MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas BioSNG large 2050 2050 £(2010) 0.38-0.68m/MW £(2010) 0.018-0.031m/MW 200MW 80% 70% 20 years
Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas BioSNG large 2010 2010 £(2010) 1.30-2.32m/MW £(2010) 0.062-0.105m/MW 200MW 80% 64% 20 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G biodiesel small 2010 £(2010) 0.077m/MW £(2010) 2.7/MWh 75 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G biodiesel large 2010 £(2010) 0.043m/MW £(2010) 1.31/MWh 310 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid HVO diesel, very large 2010 £(2010) 0.44m/MW £(2010) 5.35/MWh 1090 MW 95% 79% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G butanol large 2010 £(2010) 1.04m/MW £(2010) 0.052m/MW 250 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G ethanol small 2010 £(2010) 1.31m/MW £(2010) 9.67/MWh 70 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G butanol medium 2010 £(2010) 1.17m/MW £(2010) 0.065m/MW 100 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G ethanol medium 2010 £(2010) 1.11m/MW £(2010) 7.82/MWh 120 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G ethanol large 2010 £(2010) 0.99m/MW £(2010) 6.28/MWh 250 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G biodiesel medium 2010 £(2010) 0.059m/MW £(2010) 2.05/MWh 124 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid 1G butanol small 2010 £(2010) 1.37m/MW £(2010) 0.080m/MW 45 MW 95% 30 years
Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to gas AD small 2010 £(2010) 3062/MWh £(2010) 153/MWh 0.27 MW 100% 30 years
Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to gas AD small-medium 2010 £(2010) 2665/MWh £(2010) 133/MWh 0.54 MW 100% 30 years
Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to gas AD medium 2010 £(2010) 2320/MWh £(2010) 116/MWh 1.1 MW 100% 30 years

Other sets of cost data

Air Conditioning Air Source Heat Pump Air Source Heat Pump with Storage (commercial) Air Source Heat Pump with Storage (domestic) Battery Storage Biogas Biomass 1st generation biocrops Biomass 2nd generation biocrops Biomass Boiler (commercial) Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Biomass conversion gas to gas Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to gas Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to liquid Biomass forestry arisings collection Biomass liquid fuel imports Biomass manure collection Biomass solid fuel imports Biomass straw collection Biomatter to fuel conversion Bus EV Bus Hybrid EV Bus Hydrogen FCV Bus ICE Carbon Storage Cars EV Cars Fuel Cell Vehicle Cars ICE Cars PHEV Cavity wall insulation CHP Coal CCS Coal-fired Boiler Coal Price Commercial cooking demand reduction Commercial Heat Demand Commercial lighting and appliances Compressed Air storage Conventional Coal Electricity Generation Conventional Gas Electricity Generation Cooking District Heating (domestic) District Heating Network Draughtproofing Electric heating Electricity Distribution Electricity Grid Distribution Costs Electricity Grid Transmission Costs Electricity Transmission Energy Saving Trust’s Advanced Practice Energy Efficiency standard for New Build Enteric fermentation abatement Exported Electricity Floor insulation Fossil Fuel Transfer Costs Gas Boiler Gas CCS Electricity Generation Gas (Natural or Biogas) CHP Gas Price Geosequestration Geothermal Electricity Geothermal Heat Ground Source Heat Pump (commercial) Ground Source Heat Pump Ground Source Heat Pump with Storage (commercial) Ground Source Heat Pump with Storage (domestic) Heat exchanger for District heating Hydroelectricity Hydro pumped storage Imported Electricity Imported Uranium Interconnection International Aviation International Shipping Loft Insulation Macro Algae Manure management Micro CHP Microwind Nuclear Power Offshore Wind Oil Electricity Generation plants Oil-fired boiler Oil fired Boiler Oil Price Onshore Wind Passenger Rail Passiv Haus Pumped storage - Hydro Rail Freight Range - Cars ICE Road Freight Soil management Soil management level 1 Solar PV Solar Thermal (commercial) Solar Thermal Solid Biomass Electricity Generation 2050 Solid Biomass Electricity Generation Solid Fuel Boiler (inc Biomass) Solid Fuel CHP Solid wall insulation Conventional Oil Electricity Generation Temporary Superglazing Test category Tidal Range Tidal Stream UK National Aviation UK National Shipping Uranium Enrichment & Disposal Waste collection and separation Waste landfill gas capture Waste landfill sites Waste sewage gas capture Wave

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