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Onshore Wind cost data

Data point Valid in Capital cost Operating cost excluding fuel Source
£(2010)/KWpeak £(2010)/KWpeak
  Onshore - Wind speed of 5-9m/s 2005 874 35 Markal 3.24
  FOAK 2010 1539–1909 32–50 MottMacDonald 2010
  NOAK 2010 1374–1729 28–46 MottMacDonald 2010
  Small - 0.8MW 2010 1378–1523 14–18 MottMacDonald (2011)
  Small - 0.8MW 2050 888–1147 9–14 MottMacDonald (2011)
  Large - 2.5MW 2010 1283–1418 12–16 MottMacDonald (2011)
  Large - 2.5MW 2050 822–1065 7–12 MottMacDonald (2011)
  2010 Range 2010 874–1858 7–75 2050 working assumption
  <5MW 2030 993–1868 36–65 Arup/EY
  Switzerland 2010 1626 247 IEA
  2050 Range 2050 822–1858 7–75 2050 working assumption
  >5MW 2010 1184–1820 28–68 Arup/EY
  >5MW 2015 1118–1822 28–68 Arup/EY
  >5MW 2020 1071–1825 28–68 Arup/EY
  >5MW 2025 1035–1827 28–69 Arup/EY
  Denmark 2010 1135 96 IEA
  Germany 2010 1247 167 IEA
  Netherlands 2010 1204 223 IEA
  Spain 2010 1135 159 IEA
  Sweden 2010 1445 88 IEA
  US 2010 1251 56 IEA
  >5MW 2030 1001–1830 28–69 Arup/EY
  <5MW 2010 1174–1858 36–65 Arup/EY
  <5MW 2015 1108–1861 36–65 Arup/EY
  <5MW 2020 1062–1863 36–65 Arup/EY
  <5MW 2025 1027–1866 36–65 Arup/EY
  Default - Wind - on shore T1 (9 m/s) to T7 (6-5 m/s) 2010 1565 14 MARKAL 3.26
  Default - Wind - on shore T1 (9 m/s) to T7 (6-5 m/s) 2050 1365 14 MARKAL 3.26
Range 2005-2050 822–1909 7–247  


Investment Cost = Overnight cost of constructing and connecting a wind turbine/farm, Note: costs per kw are net of own use, therefore the cost per kw is cost of electricity supplied to grid

Operating cost = Average annual operating cost of a wind turbine/farm, excluding fuel costs (treated elsewhere)

Other sets of cost data

Air Conditioning Air Source Heat Pump Air Source Heat Pump with Storage (commercial) Air Source Heat Pump with Storage (domestic) Battery Storage Biogas Biomass 1st generation biocrops Biomass 2nd generation biocrops Biomass Boiler (commercial) Biomass conversion 1st generation energy crops to liquid Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to gas Biomass conversion 2nd generation energy crops to liquid Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to gas Biomass conversion dry biomass and waste to liquid Biomass conversion dry biomass, biocrops and waste to solid Biomass conversion gas to gas Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to gas Biomass conversion wet biomass and waste to liquid Biomass forestry arisings collection Biomass liquid fuel imports Biomass manure collection Biomass solid fuel imports Biomass straw collection Biomatter to fuel conversion Bus EV Bus Hybrid EV Bus Hydrogen FCV Bus ICE Carbon Storage Cars EV Cars Fuel Cell Vehicle Cars ICE Cars PHEV Cavity wall insulation CHP Coal CCS Coal-fired Boiler Coal Price Commercial cooking demand reduction Commercial Heat Demand Commercial lighting and appliances Compressed Air storage Conventional Coal Electricity Generation Conventional Gas Electricity Generation Cooking District Heating (domestic) District Heating Network Draughtproofing Electric heating Electricity Distribution Electricity Grid Distribution Costs Electricity Grid Transmission Costs Electricity Transmission Energy Saving Trust’s Advanced Practice Energy Efficiency standard for New Build Enteric fermentation abatement Exported Electricity Floor insulation Fossil Fuel Transfer Costs Gas Boiler Gas CCS Electricity Generation Gas (Natural or Biogas) CHP Gas Price Geosequestration Geothermal Electricity Geothermal Heat Ground Source Heat Pump (commercial) Ground Source Heat Pump Ground Source Heat Pump with Storage (commercial) Ground Source Heat Pump with Storage (domestic) Heat exchanger for District heating Hydroelectricity Hydro pumped storage Imported Electricity Imported Uranium Interconnection International Aviation International Shipping Loft Insulation Macro Algae Manure management Micro CHP Microwind Nuclear Power Offshore Wind Oil Electricity Generation plants Oil-fired boiler Oil fired Boiler Oil Price Onshore Wind Passenger Rail Passiv Haus Pumped storage - Hydro Rail Freight Range - Cars ICE Road Freight Soil management Soil management level 1 Solar PV Solar Thermal (commercial) Solar Thermal Solid Biomass Electricity Generation 2050 Solid Biomass Electricity Generation Solid Fuel Boiler (inc Biomass) Solid Fuel CHP Solid wall insulation Conventional Oil Electricity Generation Temporary Superglazing Test category Tidal Range Tidal Stream UK National Aviation UK National Shipping Uranium Enrichment & Disposal Waste collection and separation Waste landfill gas capture Waste landfill sites Waste sewage gas capture Wave

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